by the Channel of Sicily to the south and by the provinces of Caltanissetta,
Catania and Siracusa from west to east, the province of Ragusa has
a mainly mountainous territory which is almost entirely covered
by the Iblean Mountains; this is why is often referred to as the
Iblean area; the highest peak, the Lauro Mount, rises up to 986
meters. A flat area, being the main agricultural resource, stretches
in the northern reaches of the province: it is the valley of the
Ippari river, where the cities of Acate, Vittoria and Comiso have
Iblean landscape is rather dry and rocky, the grounds being richest
in limestone. Nonetheless, especially during the spring, it is able
to offer the amazing colors of a wild and harsh beauty. The countryside
is often crossed by gorges resulting from the rivers’ erosion
throughout the centuries.
construction of dams on the Acate, Mazzarrone and Irminio rivers
have resulted in precious reserves of water, in an effort to solve
what has been a deep-rooted problem for the entire island. The province’s
vegetation, varying according to the altitude, is largely Mediterranean.
Oaks and plane-trees grow especially in the mountainside; while
the oleander, the fig-tree, the acanthus, the caper, reeds and,
most of all, the carob-tree can be found in the plain areas. The
fauna, not very abundant because of the intense deforestation of
the past centuries, is mainly comprised of wild rabbit, weasel and
winged animals in the mountain side, rare birds like the pink flamingo,
the soon-bill and the osprey in the marshy areas (notably near the
dams), and several species of sea-gulls on the coast.
Mediterranean climate is characterized by cold winters and hot and
dry summers in the mountainous and inland areas; while the coast
is milder and more humid.
Castello di Donnafugata
Marina di Modica
Marina di Ragusa